This applies to data, images, words or ideas taken from any materials in electronic or print formats without sufficient attribution and citing. This can include abstracts, seminar presentations, laboratory reports, thesis or dissertation, research proposals, and unpublished or published manuscripts.

The use of any such material either directly or indirectly should be properly acknowledged in all instances and the source of content must always be cited.

Pavlov University Publishing House uses AntiPlagiat detection software to screen the submitted manuscripts and will deal with cases of plagiarism according to COPE guidelines. Any manuscript found to contain plagiarized material will not be considered for publication.

Duplicate submission/publication

Authors are required to declare upon submission that the manuscript is not under consideration elsewhere including articles previously published in another language. For acceptable forms of secondary submissions or publications (e.g. an article translated into English), in accordance with ICMJE guidance, authors must seek permission from the publisher and copyright holder of the original article, and must inform the Editor of the receiving journal about the history of the original article. It must also be made clear to readers that the article is a translated version, with a citation provided to the original article.


The authors are expected to refer to their own previously published work, and use of large fragments of previous results work is considered unacceptable. The authors must indicate to their previously published work by appropriate citation, being compliant with copyright policies. Pavlov University Publishing House will deal with cases of text-recycling according to COPE guidelines.

Authorship and proper affiliation(s)

     Authors are required to give an honest account of authorship, where each listed author meets the authorship criteria in order to provide transparency and credit to those who have substantially contributed to the work. However, where authors have deliberately not complied with this requirement it will considered a form of misconduct. Pavlov University Publishing House will deal with authorship misconduct according to COPE guidelines.

Affiliations must precisely reflect the institutions where the study was approved and/or supported and/or conducted. For non-research articles, the affiliation should be listed as the place the author(s) was based at the time of submission. Misrepresentation of affiliation is a form of misconduct and Pavlov University Publishing House will deal will such cases by contacting all relevant institutions to assist with our investigation.

Undisclosed competing interests

     The competing interests arise when a personal judgement concerning a primary interest (such as patient welfare or research results) may be influenced by a secondary interest (such as financial gain). Misconduct also occurs when an author, editor or reviewer does not declare relevant competing interests, which can be perceived to influence their opinion of or assessment of a research or non-research article. Pavlov University Publishing House will not consider manuscripts that are suspected of having an undisclosed competing interest.


Data falsification

Where deliberate action has been taken to inappropriately manipulate or fabricate data. This is considered a serious form of misconduct damaging the quality and reputation of the authors with wide-reaching consequences. Hence, when submitting a manuscript to Pavlov University Publishing House, authors must ensure all data contained within their manuscript is accurate and correctly represents their work. To help assist the Publisher with manuscript evaluation, authors are expected to retain all raw data represented in their manuscripts. If the original data cannot be produced on request, acceptance of a manuscript or published paper may be declined or retracted.

Peer review manipulation

Where authors or agencies submitting on behalf of authors take deliberate steps to influence the peer review process in their favour, or where editors make decisions based on biased peer review reports. All peer reviewers at the journals issued by Pavlov University Publishing House are advised to read and consider the COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers before accepting to review a manuscript and expected to treat any article and associated materials received in the course of the review as confidential. Any reviewer found to have committed misconduct by will be permanently removed from the peer review database and reported to their institution.

Citation manipulation

 This includes excessive and inappropriate self-citing, or entering prearrangements with author groups to cite each other's work or where editors or reviewers suggest the authors to cite papers from their own previously published papers, or from specific journals, without due justification of such a citing.

Unethical research

Where research fails to comply with the relevant and approved local, national, or international legislative and regulatory requirements or where researchers have not taken sufficient steps to protect the safety and privacy of human subjects, or the welfare of animals used in the research.

Pavlov University Publishing House takes its role in ensuring all publications meet ethical requirements seriously. Manuscripts will not be considered for publication where evidence exists that a study was not suitably approved by an Institutional Review Board (IRB) or ethics committee. Similarly, submissions will not be considered where concerns are raised by the Journal editors or peer reviewers over a lack of patient consent, improper patient identification protection or a lack of animal ethical approval.

Copyright infringement/use of third-party material

Where authors have included material, which is under copyright and have not obtained the appropriate permissions as instructed by the copyright holders. Authors must obtain the necessary permission to reuse third-party material in the article. The use of short extracts of text and some other types of material is usually permitted, on a limited basis for the purposes of criticism and review.

Note: The world-recognized statements and rules of publications are adapted from: